Hummingbirds of Peru

Article by Laurel

Who has not been enchanted by photos or sightings of these iridescent mini-rockets of energy known as hummingbirds? They were described by the Aztec as tiny suns, and have been accorded their place in legend, story and song throughout the centuries. People have called them flying jewels; most male hummingbirds possess iridescent gorgets, or throat feathers, whose colors shift depending on the sunlight shining on them. Additionally, many species also have exotic crowns, distinctive tails, and sparkling iridescent wings.

Hummingbirds are the smallest birds in the world, ranging in size from the Bee Hummingbird, at 5.7 cm, to the Giant Hummingbird, at 21.6 cm. Hummingbirds are among the most skilled fliers of all avian species. They can fly backward, hover, fly straight up, and quickly change direction.

Hummingbirds are pollinators. They drink nectar from flowers with their long tongues, and some catch insects as well, snatching them midair as they fly. Many have bills that are perfectly adapted to particular species of flowers, so that the plant and the hummingbird have an interdependent relationship that is mutually beneficial to both species.

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There are over 300 species of hummingbirds in the world. They are native to the Americas, with most species found in South America. Peru has over 118 species of hummingbirds, or colibris, which translates as “Birds of the Sun God.” In Quechua they are known as Q’inti (pronounced Keen-tee). According to one Quechua legend, when all the Earth was suffering from lack of water, and the People, animals and plants were all dying, a tiny hummingbird arose from the last flor de Cantu, and implored the God Waitapallana to save the land and its creatures. Even though he died in the process, the hummingbird accomplished his mission, as two great crystal teardrops fell from Waitapallana’s eyes when he saw the devastation on Earth. These tears awoke the serpent, Amaru, who was dreaming at the bottom of a lake, and who, upon shaking his great wings, brought rain back to the Earth.

Some hummingbird species found in Peru are: the Sparkling Violet Ear, Giant Hummingbird, Green-tailed trainbearer, Booted Racket-tail, Long-tailed Sylph and White-bellied Woodstar.

In addition to being a haven for hummingbirds, Peru is the second most diverse country on Earth for bird species in general, with 1,710 species at last count, and more continuing to be discovered.

Kuoda Tours brings birding enthusiasts to habitats in the jungle, forests and mountains, where they can enjoy the incredible diversity of bird life in Peru.

About the Author

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Born in the US, Laurel has lived in Peru for three years. She is a bilingual travel design specialist and has traveled throughout much of South America. She has a strong interest in eco-tourism and voluntourism and loves nature, traveling and writing.

    The Historical Highlights of Peru


    Often the starting point for South America tours because of its proximity to Machu Picchu, the city of Cuzco consists of Inca roots combined with colonial Spanish influences. Before the Spanish arrived, this city was the capital of the Inca Empire for over three hundred years, and has now been named this the Historical Capital of Peru. What this means for tourists is a flood of culture to absorb from the two complementary architectural styles: cathedrals, temples museums, markets, and the nearby ruins of the Sacsayhuamán fortress, are all worth investigating.

    Machu Picchu

    Not far from Cuzco is the essential destination for all South America holidays. The ruined city of Machu Picchu was recently voted one of the new wonders of the world and one of the most visited tourist sights in South America. Tourshere will lead you up carved steps and terraced hillside to a once secret city cradled in the Machu Picchu Mountain. Here, you can look down on the valley 2350 meters below and imagine the isolation of the people who lived here before its discovery. There’s the option to make a day trip here by train, or even by helicopter, whereas the more energetic tourists might choose to walk the Inca trail for a few days through the Andes and arrive at the Lost City under their own power.


    Some say this is the prettiest city in Peru. Arequipa is home to many temples, elegant houses and palaces, which earn it the name “Ciudad Blanca” meaning “White City“. The architecture in its historic centre integrates European and native characteristics, and has been designated as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. Coming here as part of your South America Holidays will mean a tour of Santa Catalina, a convent that was closed to the world for 400 years. It was built in 1579 and was once a place of quiet seclusion and prayer; now the convent serves as an art gallery, with only about twenty nuns remaining on the complex. A tour of the galleries and refurbished buildings is like a step back in time, and takes only a little more than an hour.


    In the Nazca desert, towards the south of Peru, are a series of astonishing engravings in the desert floor. These engravings (known as ‘geoglyphs’) take the form of geometric patterns and animals, some up to two hundred metres across. They were constructed by an ancient culture that exposed the pale bedrock of the desert by carefully moving and removing stones. Many good South America Holidayswill have the option of taking a flight over these patterns, enabling passengers to get a sense of the scale and artistry of these signals to the sky.

    Louise Mumford is a holiday specialist at South American Experience, a company that specializes in tailor-made arrangements for South America Holidays. Our dedicated team has two decades of first-hand experience in the Latin America region.

    Things to Do in Trujillo Peru

    There are a variety of things to do in Trujillo Peru. Known as the “City of Eternal Spring,” Trujillo is Peru’s third largest city. The area was a significant settling ground for ancient cultures and was one of the first cities that the Spanish conquerers established in the Americas. Trujillo is the capital of the Marinera dance and Peruvian El Paso horse breeding, and was the center of the ancient Chimú culture.

    The Top 5 Things to Do In Trujillo Peru Are:

    1) Chan Chan

    The ancient capital of the Chimú Kingdom, Chan Chan is the largest adobe city in the world. The Incas conquered the Chimús in 1470 AD, and Chan Chan is now a UNESCO World Heritage site. Its huge walls divide the city into several palaces.

    2) The Witch’s Complex (El Complejo del Brujo)

    El Brujo is the name of a Moche culture complex, and was a major religious center between the first and seventh centuries AD. The three main temples are the Huaca Prieta, Huaco Cao Viejo and Huaca El Brujo. The ceremonial temple shows evidence of human sacrifice and a 1,500 year-old tattooed mummy of a young woman was recently discovered.

    3) City Tour

    The city tour in Trujillo’s historical district includes visits to old colonial mansions, the Spanish Cathedral with its collection of paintings from the Quito School, the Monastery of El Carmen and the Art Museum. Some city tours offer an extension to visit Huanchaco Beach, which hosts surfing championships every March.

    4) Temple of the Sun and Temple of the Moon

    Belonging to the Moche Culture (100-800 AD), these were ceremonial centers in which people offered sacrifices to their god. The Temple of the Sun has 6 levels. It is considered to be the longest pyramid in Peru. The Temple of the Moon has 9 levels. It is a monument comprised of overlapping temples built during different periods.

    5) A Paso Farm

    Trujillo and Ica are disputed to be the best worldwide breeders on the world-famous Step Horses (Caballos de Paso). The Spanish horse was crossed with the Arab horse and raised in Peru’s desert for 300 years. Now the Peruvian Caballo de Paso is the most beautiful of its kind.

    Trujillo tourism is not limited to just archaeological sites and Spanish colonial treasures. Although it is a major commercial city, Trujillo maintains an excellent charm and elegance.

    Thomas Carroll was born in California and has been living in Peru for 10 years. If you would like more information about Things to Do In Trujillo Peru and Peru Vacation Packages then be sure to visit his blog.

    Things to Do in Cajamarca Peru

    There are many unique things to do in Cajamarca Peru. In ancient times Cajamarca was conquered by the Incas. Then in 1532 Francisco Pizarro ambushed the Inca king Atahualpa. Atahualpa’s execution marked the end of the Inca Empire.

    Cajamarca is renowned for its excellent cheeses and other dairy products. Its people are very passionate about their carnivals, hosting some of the best in Peru. Cajamarca is considered to be the Historical and Cultural Heritage of the Americas.

    The Top 5 Things to Do In Cajamarca Peru Are:

    1) Cumbe Mayo

    Cumbe Mayo is an area composed of large rock walls and caves, at an elevation of about 11,000 feet. It has Pre-Incan aqueducts that were probably constructed in 1500 BC, and several petroglyphs in the surrounding caverns.

    2) Los Baños del Inca

    A favorite of Atahualpa, the Inca Baths are thermal hot springs ranging in temperatures from 67° -76° C. The baths contain a variety of minerals that are believed to have medicinal properties. There are pools and bungalows available for groups and individuals.

    3) City Tour

    This includes visits to the Monumental Complex of Belen, the Colonial Hospital and the Santa Apolonia Hill overlooking Cajamarca. The Cuarto del Rescate (Ransom Room) is where Atahualpa was held. He offered a large amount of gold and silver in exchange for his freedom, but was executed at the Plaza de Armas after some of the treasure was received.

    4) Ventanillas de Otuzco

    The site is a pre-Inca cemetery which pre-dates the Cajamarca culture (up to 1450 AD). Hundreds of galleries resembling windows were carved into the volcanic stone and were used as tombs. It is said that the Incas later cleared out the niches and used them as grain storerooms.

    5) Granja Porcon and La Collpa

    La Collpa is a dairy farm where, at feeding time, cows are called by name and they respond accordingly. Nearby is the Granja Porcon which has the largest forest park of pine trees in Peru, and a charming mini zoo in a highly religious tiny town.

    Cajamarca has made its mark in history, as it is here where the Inca Empire began to fall. There are stories that an Inca treasure still lies hidden in subterranean tunnels, running from Cuzco to Cajamarca, as it never reached Inca Atahualpa.

    Thomas Carroll was born in California and has been living in Peru for 10 years. If you would like more information about Things to Do In Cajamarca Peru and Peru Vacation Packages then be sure to visit his blog.

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    Things to Do in Chiclayo Peru

    There are a variety of things to do in Chiclayo Peru. Chiclayo, also known as “The City of Friendship,” was founded in the 1560s by Spanish priests. Chiclayo was inhabited by a largely indigenous population rather than Spanish colonizers. It is a center for witchcraft, has some of the best cuisine in Peru, and is well known for its archaeological sites.

    The Top 5 Things to Do In Chiclayo Peru Are:

    1) The Lord of Sipan (El Señor de Sipan) – La Huaca Rajada

    The Lord of Sipan is a mummy found in the Huaca Rajada tomb. Built by the Moche culture around 1 AD to 700 AD, the Huaca Rajada is considered by some to be the most important archaeological discovery in the region in the last 30 years; because the tomb of Sipan was untouched by thieves. A total of four tombs have been found in the Huaca Rajada.

    2) The Royal Tombs of Sipan Museum (Museo de las Tumbas Reales de Sipan)

    This museum is built in the pyramidal form of ancient Moche tombs and displays the most important findings of the Huaca Rajada. On display are tiny gold figurines, gold and turquoise jewelry, pottery, ornaments and much more. It is one of the most impressive museums anywhere.

    3) Batan Grande – Señor de Sican (Lord of Sican)

    Batan Grande is an important archaeological location of the Sican, Moche and Chimu cultures. In the Huaca El Loro the tomb of the Señor de Sican was discovered. There are 30 monumental adobe platforms in the area and huge amounts of valuable jewelry and gold, much like the Sipan area, have been extracted.

    4) Tucume

    Tucume encompasses 26 major adobe pyramids and mounds that were developed by the Lambayeque people in AD 1000 and 1375. It was a major regional center, and the Huaca Larga is the longest adobe structure in the world. There is also an onsite museum.

    5) Pimentel

    This is a unique beach resort popular with surfers. Sea-going reed boats, known as the Caballitos de Totora, have been used since ancient times and locals use them to go fishing. There are several seafood restaurants in the area.

    Chiclayo Peru is an interesting city. Its plethora of intriguing ruins, scenic countryside and vibrant culture, makes traveling in the area a rich and exciting experience.

    Thomas Carroll was born in California and has been living in Peru for 10 years. If you would like more information about Things to Do In Chiclayo Peru and Peru Vacation Packages then be sure to visit his blog.

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    What to See and Do in Peru

    The Life List.  Everyone has made a list of some sort or other in their lives.  It is a list of goals and dreams that most of the time is put away in a drawer and forgotten about.  But don’t wait too long like Morgan Freeman and Jack Nicholson did in the movie The Bucket List. You might not be as lucky to find a millionaire to whisk you around the world checking off your wish list in a few short months before you kick the bucket.  It is time to start fulfilling your dreams and one of the best places to start is in the country of Peru.

    Filled with incredible scenery, famous sights and offering several adrenaline filled activities Peru is the perfect choice to start checking off the things that you have always wanted to see and do but were too afraid to try. It doesn’t take long before you have actually made it through a large chunk of your list during your stay.

    Machu Picchu is at the top of most peoples list. If there is one thing that you must see in your life is one of the greatest ruins on the planet and this one is as good as it gets. Located in the Andes Mountains it is a mesmerizing Inca Ruin top a 2500 meter mountain. Take in the sight as you sit on another peak overlooking Machu Picchu and try to imagine how it was built over  600 years ago with no technology.  Make sure to arrive early to beat the crowds and feel the magic as the cloud and mist burns off.  Machu Picchu consists of 200 buildings that terrace down the side of a steep mountain leading in to the deep valley below. Whether you hike the Inca Trail visit Macchu Picchu, or take the train on a breathtaking journey through the Andes, you will not be disappointed.

    Many people are looking for a thrill when they make their life list.  Jumping out of an airplane seems to be atop many lists.  If you happen to visit Lima, you can take that goal and give it a twist to try paragliding.  Walk down to the waterfront of Mira Flores and you will soon find a place where people sign up to jump off of a high cliff over the Pacific Ocean. The fun doesn’t stop there however, once your parachute catches the air, you and your instructor will be able to ride the airwaves high above the city as he steers you through sky scapers and over the ocean.  It is one of the most unique experiences you will have in your life and you will have the same thrill and excitement as skydiving, but in a more exotic location than your local airstrip.

    Many people want to see one of the great deserts of the world. The Sahara or Kalahari are a couple of famous ones, but did you know that Peru has some of the largest sand dunes on the planet?  Located in the region of Ica, you can go on a tour deep into the desert by dune buggy. This isn’t your every day relaxing buggy ride however, you will be plunging down near vertical cliffs only to spin out at the bottom and take off again at top speed over the desert dunes.  Not only that, you will be treated to an introduction to sand boarding.  Feel the freedom as you surf in the sand or hop on your board like a sled and whiz down the hill into the valley below. It will make you feel like a kid again.

    We all know about Oasis from movies and television, but how many people have actually seen one and stayed on its shores overnight. Huacachina is a village built around a natural lake in the middle of the desert called the Oasis of America.  It is an incredibly beautiful location.  There are only about 10 hotels most with swimming pools and the giant dunes right in your backyard. You can rent pedal boats to float around the small Oasis and spend the day relaxing by the waters edge taking in the incredible once in a lifetime opportunity.

    If wild life is on your list, you will be in for a real treat when you visit Isla Ballestas.  Located near Pisco, you can catch a tour boat to take you out to sea to view sea lions, penguins, Peruvian boobies and condors as well as millions of birds in this nature reserve.  Your boat will take you out to beautiful rock formations located off shore where wildlife is free to live and play in a protected area.  Take the once in a lifetime opportunity to see actual penguins play in their natural setting and watch the hundreds of sea lions bask in the sun on the beach or on the rocks. You will not be disappointed, although make sure to ask your operator if they are sensitive to the animal and do not take their boats too close to shore disrupting the wildlife with exhaust pollution and the loud engines of the boats.  Responsible tourism is a must.

    These are just a few of the things that you can do in Peru to kick start your “Bucket List”. There are so many other things to see and do like visit Lake Titicaca, the highest lake in the world, see real life catacombs in Lima or take a flight over the Nazca Lines. These lines are a mystery of the world etched in the sand over 2000 years ago. Shaped in the forms of spiders, monkeys, sharks and lizards, nobody really know what their purpose is or how they were made. Want to visit the jungle? A good portion of Peru is located in the Amazon basin where you can explore one of the most fabled and vast rainforests on the planet.  

    So go to Peru soon and start living that life list rather than just dreaming about it. What are you waiting for? Go out there and start your life list. Life is short so you better get going and visiting Peru is a quick and easy way to check off a lot of dreams and wishes in a short amount of time.

    Dave and Deb are Canada’s Adventure Couple. They have traveled to over 35 countries where they have taken on extreme adventures from Cycling from Cairo, Egypt to Cape Town, South Africa and Climbing Mount Kilimanjaro. Every new adventure takes them to remote corners of the world where they paddle, hike, scuba dive and trek their way around the globe.

    Peru Vacations – Crossing the Ecuador-Peru Border

    Crossing the border from Ecuador into Peru is not the most pleasant of experiences. There were plenty of words of wisdom concerning how to, where to, how not to and where not to cross the border into Peru, from Ecuador. We crossed by taking the bus from Loja to Piura. The journey was no different than any other we had taken, but for some reason it seemed longer, hotter and more uncomfortable than any we had been on so far.

    The bus was particularly knackered, the brakes emitting a horrible burning smell every time we went down a hill and there was a disconcerting knocking noise when we went over about 35mph. The noise was so bad, even the driver got out to investigate where it was coming from. Apparently one of the wheels looked a bit loose, but the driver didn’t seem overly concerned.

    The touts who got on the bus were even more annoying than usual. At one point there were 21 vendors on the bus, a bit of an overkill, but hilarious to watch all the same. We could have easily eaten a four-course meal if we had bought something from everyone.

    The bus stops regularly at military checkpoints, where the bus stops around until either our, or the bus drivers, documentation were verified. It didn’t quite make sense that the military were mostly interested in European and American documentation, rather than the Peruvian, as it is the Peruvians who are their main threat. In the past Ecuador has lost quite a bit of its territory to Peru and they were at war together as recently as 1999. Tensions are still fairly high, and the army actively protects its borders, especially as there are oil and gas fields along the boundary.

    Perhaps it was our nervous expectation of what Peru had in store for us that made the journey drag on. Whatever it was it didn’t make the bus go any faster and it took us over five hours to reach the border town of Macara.

    There were a couple of other tourists on the bus, and this was also their first border crossing in South America. No one really knew what to expect, but it wasn’t very difficult to work out. The Macara – La Tina border crossing consisted of a few buildings, which house the Ecuadorian and Peruvian immigration and customs officials. A wide river separates the two countries and the bus driver dumped us at the end of the bridge, promising he would wait for us at the other side.

    The last problem we had with the crossing was the mosquitoes. Dusk was not the best time of day to be standing next to a river, filling in immigration forms, when all our insect repellent and long sleeved tops were on a bus parked up the road. The mosquitoes were particularly enjoying the fresh blood, and we were slowly being eaten to bits. Luckily the formalities were quite straightforward, taking no more than ten minutes to cross over the bridge. Desperate to get back to the safety of the bus, we almost forgot to remember the fact that we had just left Ecuador and arrived in a new country, Peru.

    Coming Soon: Peru Vacations: Piura.
    Caius Simmons
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    Details On Peru

    Peru is a country inside South America. The nation shares border around the Pacific sea with Brazil, Ecuador, Chile and Bolivia. The nation is among the main traveler vacation spot countries in South America and you may get affordable prices guided tours in Peru from an area or on-line journey representatives. The beneath common details will provide you with an understanding of the nation before having the Peru tours.

    The History

    The idea about Peru is often that it connects with the oldest civilizations of this globe. Actually, the primary points of interest for Peru tours are really the archaeological spots of pre-Colombian civilizations. Guided tours in Peru will most of the time embrace a call to the hub of the traditional Inca’s Empire spot that give proof to a few of the most senior cultures of human.

    The Local climate

    There exist three climatic setting in Peru. The coastline in Peru is dry and cool due to the freezing currents of the Southern Pacific sea on the borders of the state. The region has lower than 50mm of rainfall all through the yr, making it a dry area having modest vegetation. The shoreline has cliffs and it is stony, possibly not that beneficial for seashore Peru tours. Peru some other climatic area is the Andes mountain district. The mountains increase to above 6,700 m above ocean level making the area among the uppermost in the earth. On the mountains, rain is constant and their climate is sweet for agricultural and stock raring. The 3rd climatic area in Peru will be the Amazon river jungle. The area comes only after the hilly region and it features a dense jungle of hot rain forests. There exist little human civilization alongside the river basin. The general climate of Peru is warm falling near the equator. Nevertheless, when you take guided tours in Peru, you’ll be instructed of the particular climate to anticipate at particular areas and at particular occasions of the yr.

    The Parts

    There’re many regions one could explore when taking guided tours in Peru. The nation occupies 1,285,216 sq. km and carries a population of 29.5 citizens. Main cities inside the nation embrace the capital, Lima, which is as well the most important metropolis alongside the Pacific shoreline. Many other cities embrace Cusco, Huaraz, Iquitos, Pisco plus Puno.


    Although the country is so wealthy in natural resources however her main revenue comes from guided tours. Almost 36% of its inhabitants lives below the poverty line. The nation is also recognized for the huge disparity between the deprived and the wealthy and 12.6% of the inhabitants is claimed to be extraordinarily disfavored with a really small proportion of wealthy Hispanic elite managing a lot of the riches and resources. When you plan on taking Peru tours for trip, you’ll need to stick to varied journey ideas related to touring to developing countries. This consists of caution when reserving a lodge, taking meals from eating places, consuming tap water plus caution when touring through various districts.


    There’re multiple websites for Peru tours. These embrace Machu Picchu, an archaeological place, the Colca Canyo, which certainly is an attractive panorama surroundings with nature and wonderful plant life. You may also have a walk or hike on these places through guided tours of Peru. Some other Peru tours points of interest embrace the Manu nationwide park, the Nazca line, Cuzo the sacred valley, Lake Titicaca and as well Amazon river.

    Adventure Bound is a leading online travel agent that offers some of the best deals for guided Tours In Peru. You can find out more about these Peru Tours by following the links to our website.

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