Whitewater Thrills in Costa Rica

by Rick Chapo

If you have never been to Costa Rica, you are missing out. It is an amazing country where you can grab your kayak and explore to your hearts desire.

Whitewater Thrills in Costa Rica

Kayaking is not restricted to spots in the United States. There are many places in the world that offer excellent kayaking areas, including many of the countries on the continent of South America/Latin America. As much of Latin America is coastal, it offers an excellent, warm weather place to try sea kayaking. Kayaking in Costa Rica can be a perfect way to enjoy the diverse culture and scenery of this Latin country.

Kayaking originated in North America and Greenland, where Inuit and Aleut hunters developed these lightweight portable boats in order to go fishing and hunting in the colder regions of the world. Kayaks, with their covered canoe styling and splash skirt that keeps water off of the paddler in the cockpit, offer a great alternative to traditional ways of boating around the world. The fact that a kayak is essentially made as a single person mode of transportation (although some kayaks are built for two or three) makes it a great way to experience a water area in a solitary way, or in a group with a tour.

One of the best resources for kayaking in Costa Rica is the company known as Rios Tropicales. This company has been in existence for over 20 years, and offers travelers a great way to experience both the river kayaking and sea kayaking available in Costa Rica. Rios Tropicales also offers what they call an “Eco-Adventure Playground” on the banks of the Pacuare River – where you can explore both the river areas in a kayak, as well as a jungle area for hiking and even zip lines that cross the river.

Rios Tropicales cautions that you should bring your own gear, because although they do rent kayaks to tourists who wish to experience the kayaking here, they do not have gear such as life jackets and other necessities available. Most of the kayaking in Costa Rica in this particular area is rated a level III or level IV on the International Scale of River Difficulty, meaning that river kayaking here should not be attempted by boaters who do not know how to handle heavy rapids, and open canoe paddling will not be possible.

Of course, sea kayaking is also available from Rios Tropicales, in Costa Rica – this country has over 800 miles of total shoreline for boaters to enjoy. Whether you choose to go on the open sea or on the many rivers in this tropical paradise, one thing is sure: you’re going to love kayaking in Costa Rica.

About the Author

Rick Chapo is with NomadJournals.com – makers of paddle sports journals for preserving your experiences in the outdoors.

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    Travel Solo But Never Alone

    Galapagos Islands are the perfect destination for nature and Wildlife lovers

    Article by Henry Arnault

    If you are looking to explore nature during your Ecuador travel be sure to include a trip to the beautiful Galapagos Islands. Located 650 miles off the coast of Ecuador in the Pacific Ocean, the Galapagos Islands are the perfect destination for nature and wildlife lovers. The variety of unique flora and fauna found in this archipelago is best explored on a Galapagos cruise. Galapagos cruises depart daily and take you to a variety of different islands so you can truly grasp the diversity of the Galapagos. Galapagos cruise itineraries vary between operators as there are many options for your cruise destinations and activities.

    An island included in almost all Galapagos cruise itineraries is Santa Cruz, and for good reason, it has a variety of activities for all travelers. The island is perfect for exploration on foot, as you can walk the trails and come to hidden lagoons. A visit the nearby tortoise breeding center home to the Galapagos tortoise is a must. On the north shore of the island you will also find beautiful white sand beaches and black lagoons, perfect for snorkeling. For those looking to take some photos, the Santa Cruz highlands give you a great vantage point to see the island’s picturesque rolling hills, volcano cones, and lush greenery. Also located on the island is the Charles Darwin Station sure to be included in your itinerary.

    Espanola Island is perfect for land and water exploration. If you are visiting Suarez point you are sure to see a variety of bird species on land and soaring in the skies above. A visit to Gardner Bay is also a great opportunity to see bird life, as well as it is perfect for snorkeling. Take a dip in the bay or snorkel and you are sure to enjoy the underwater creatures that occupy these waters, from sharks to sea lions you will see an assortment of sea creatures here.
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    Floreana is another island often visited by travelers, as its Cormorant point, is the perfect place to spot flamingos lounging at a hidden lagoon. The island also boasts a spectacular white sand beach which is a popular nesting spot for turtles. Also found on the island is a look out at Baroness Observatory, where you will have beautiful views of the island.

    If you find yourself at Isabela Island you are in for a treat. The island is home to vast array of wildlife as well as it is home to on land attractions. The Wall of Tears can be found on Isabela, this wall constructed of lava blocks, was built by prisoners that originally inhabited the island. Another attraction on the island is the Sierra Negra Volcano where travelers can explore the crater and receive spectacular views of the island. If you are looking to spot some wildlife, Isabela provides plenty of opportunities. The shallow waters surrounding the island are full or sea lions, sea rays, and white-tipped reef sharks. On land you will be able to spot pelicans, Galapagos turtles, and even the Galapagos penguin!

    The many islands that make up the Galapagos are full of spectacular plant and wildlife. Explore a variety of terrains and snorkel with the many underwater creatures during your Galapagos Cruise. A trip to the Galapagos Islands is the perfect complement to your Ecuador travel.

    About the Author

    This article about adding a Galapagos cruise to your Ecuador travel plans was written by a travel expert at Ecuador For Less providing fully customizable Ecuador vacations. Ecuador For Less is part of the Latin America For Less family, offering an array of South America vacation packages to destinations across Latin America, including Brazil, Argentina, Costa Rica, Peru, Chile and Bolivia.

    Use and distribution of this article is subject to our Publisher Guidelines
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    Patagonias geography offers countless adventure opportunities

    Article by Henry Arnault

    No matter how popular it is with travelers, the vastness of Patagonia continues to establish the area as one of the wildest in the world. The incredible arctic landscapes are to die for, and the geography offers countless adventure opportunities for the best adrenaline rushes. Among coveted destinations such as Puerto Madryn, El Calafate, El Chalten, and Ushuaia, Barioloche is highly suggested stop for any Argentina vacation.

    Bariloche is one of the more northern cities in Argentina’s Patagonia, making it much easier to access and pair with the country’s other top sights such as Mendoza, Buenos Aires, and Córdoba. Situated at the country’s western border, Barioloche is also easy to get to from southern Chile. The population is a modestly little more than 100,000 and was once a major vacation spot for wealthy, elite Argentines. Today, it is frequented by people of all levels and backgrounds, predominantly Europeans and Brazilians. What do they do in Bariloche? Ski! Cerro Catedral boasts itself as the largest ski center in South America, and the best time to visit is during the Argentine winter, which is actually the summer season in the northern hemisphere. The resort is a mere 12 miles from Bariloche, making it a great daytrip or weekend retreat if you are short on time.

    Another popular pastime for visitors to this area of Patagonia is trekking. There are a number of fantastic peaks to ascend to get grand panoramic views of Bariloche and its surrounding lands. Cerro Campanario is good for mixed groups; the active can hike to the summit, and those who would rather take it easy can enjoy the ski lift. Cerro Frey is another high point to visit, largely regarded as one of the best journeys around Bariloche. Finally, Cerro Tronador hosts what is known as a black glacier, and a wonderful waterfall. This national park is truly delightful and the light hike to the main sights are all incredibly scenic, so be sure to bring your camera! Overall, trekking around this region is stunning and breathtaking from any and all angles.


    Additional trips one could embark on as part of Argentina travel packages are to the Llao Llao Peninsula for spectacular views of Lago Moreno Oueste, Nahuel Huapi National Park for a day of unbelievable beauty, and Circuito Chico for biking around the nearby lakes, villages, and more. The city also has museums to suit your tastes, such as the Museo de la Patagonia which presents and explains this part of Patagonia’s heritage and status.

    About the Author

    This article about Bariloche in Argentina’s Patagonia was written by a travel expert at Argentina For Less who specializes in helping you organize best value Argentina travel packages as part of your fully customizable Argentina vacation.

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    Romantic Trips To Machu Picchu

    There are plenty of honeymoon destinations that are designed especially for couples that are taking their first steps in life as a family, but you should spend some time deciding which would be the best destination for you and your partner to travel to. Even if you are not looking for a honeymoon destination, but for a special place to spend some romantic, quality time with your better half, Machu Picchu is the ideal spot. This particular destination in South America offers plenty of romantic opportunities for couples and is renowned worldwide.

    The history of Machu Picchu is rich and interesting, and if you travel looking at the historical value of the destination, you will not be disappointed. The Peru area where Machu Picchu is located, the Vicalamba valley, is an ideal location as it is separated from the rest of the country. Newlyweds travel here each year to enjoy the exotic views as well as the other things Machu Picchu has to offer to romantic couples. If you are the adventurous type, you will certainly love the area for the great opportunities offered to outdoor sports lovers.

    You can arrive to Machu Picchu by place or by train. Here is a list of great spots to visit if you choose to spend your vacation in Machu Picchu.

    A great place to visit in Machu Picchu is the Solar Observatory. Once a complex structure made entirely of stone, the observatory is mostly in ruins, but still preserves the same magnificent feeling making a very intense impression on travelers.

    Right next to the observatory you will find the Caretaker’s House. This old monument is often visited by people that want to get acquainted with the important sites in Machu Picchu.

    As Machu Picchu is an Inca site in Peru, you should not miss out on the opportunity to visit the old houses dating back to ancient times. Inca’s House is an incredible place where you and your beloved will become enthralled with each other and the city. You can spend many hours walking through the ancient ruins and imagining how people lived there once upon a time. The place is crowded with religious spots such as temples and churches. People coming here often say that the serenity of the place makes them feel calm inside and helps them get their own thoughts in order. If you and your spouse have taken a break from the bustling city life this is the place to be, as there could be no more secluded place than this one.

    When you are looking for a romantic getaway, consider Machu Picchu. It is a place like no other and a great place to spend your honeymoon. Considered to be “The Lost City of the Incas,” the place is packed with history and mystery. Take a walk around the ruins with your spouse next to you and you will feel like stepping foot into an entire different reality.

    Romantic Trips to Machu Picchu is a travel guide from Tripopedia, a travel encyclopedia. Learn about things to do, places to see and places to eat in Machu Picchu.

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    Holidays to Machu Picchu – A Brief Guide

    The Ruins of the Citadel

    Photographs of the citadel just don’t do it justice. Only people who take holidays to Machu Picchu will be able to properly understand the height at which the ruins hang in the mountainside. At an altitude of 2430 metres, the city achieves an amazing perspective over the valley below, with breathtaking views in all directions.

    You will marvel that the Incas were able to build a citadel in such steep inclines in the mountain, which also takes the name Machu Picchu. Tours here will lead you up the terraced hillside into the buildings constructed without mortar from carved bricks, and using rudimentary tools. The Incas were able to incorporate irrigation channels that still run spring water along its terraces.

    After the occupation of Peru by the Spanish Conquistadors, the city was abandoned and forgotten, becoming the “Lost City of the Incas“. Since it was rediscovered in 1911 – centuries later – it has become one of South America’s most important tourist attractions, drawing hundreds of thousands of visitors every year. But now, because of its popularity, Machu Picchu tours are restricted in how many people they are allowed to bring to the site. This is part of a new conservation statute to try to curb the effect the vast volume of tourists has had on this historical wonder, and reduce the impact thousands of footsteps make on the paths and trails of the Lost City.



    Getting to Machu Picchu

    There are a variety of options for getting to the citadel with a number of Machu Picchu tours. You can get to the area by train or bus, on foot, or a combination of these. The journey up the mountain is a great opportunity to get an impression of the landscape and a feel for the Inca territory.

    The views from the train, as it winds and ascends through the mists, can be spectacular, but the most intimate sense of this region of Peru will come from trekking under your own power up an Inca trail. Tours start from several locations, depending on how strenuous you want your walk to be and long you would like to spend in the mountain environment. Some Inca trail tours start and finish in the city of Cuzco fifty miles away, others incorporate other mountains and valleys.

    There are a several tailor-made Inca trail tours which combine trekking with the bus and train making holidays to Machu Picchu into complete experiences. Porters, cooks, guides and transportation will be included.

    Where to Stay

    The Hotel Inkaterra Machu Picchu is a good place from which to start your Machu Picchu tours. It is conveniently positioned among large private gardens at the foot of the mountain, in a village called Aguas Calientes, which is where the train stops. In the luxury hotel’s ‘cloud forest’ garden you could find any of hundreds of species of orchids, birds and butterflies. The ruins are just a fifteen minute bus ride away.

    If that’s not close enough for you, there’s the option of spending some time on your Machu Picchu vacations at a small hotel at the ruins themselves. The accommodation, called the Machu Picchu Sanctuary Lodge, is decorated in Peruvian style, but its main appeal is the view, and the opportunity to better imagine the tranquillity and isolation of the lost city by seeing the site without the tourist crowds.

    However long you spend at this wonder of the world, your holidays to Machu Picchu are certain to be memorable.

    Louise Mumford is a holiday specialist at South American Experience, a company that specialises in tailor-made arrangements for South America Holidays, including holidays to Machu Picchu and Inca trail tours. Our dedicated team has two decades of first-hand experience in the Latin America region.

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    Costa Rica offers amazing adventures and exotic landscapes

    Article by Di Gioacchino

    For those looking for the ultimate adventure vacation whether it is by one’s self or with one’s family, look no further then the beautiful and exotic country of Costa Rica, with its golden sand beaches, active volcanoes, lush dense rain and cloud forests, and amazing vibrant seaside towns. With something for everyone, this tiny Central American country has today become one of the world’s hottest tourist destinations, with plenty to do and much to see.

    Offering fantastic adventure vacations for one and all, Costa Rica combines a laidback lifestyle with stunning natural beauty and a friendly local Tico population to provide a truly memorable and unforgettable holiday. With an impressive wealth of national parks, which cover more than a quarter of the country’s land surface, Costa Rica provides adventure lover’s with a thrilling stage; hosting everything from mountain biking to white water rafting, and jungle treks to canopy and rappeling tours of the verdant forests here. For those who enjoy the ocean in all its glory, Costa Rica has some of the best surf breaks and swells in the world, with incredible snorkeling and underwater diving opportunities as well.
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    For those who enjoy endless meandering trials set amidst some of the most lush and magnificent forests, Costa Rica has some incredible hiking and trekking possibilities. Visit the beautiful Manuel Antonio National Park or take a hike in the wonderful Parque Nacional Rincon de la Vieja to become truly one with nature. However, if you prefer you can visit the secluded and remote jungles of the Corcovado National Park, which is home to the last remaining coastal Pacific rainforest.

    White water river rafting and kayaking opportunities are also abound in Costa Rica. Kayak out in the open ocean or raft down the roaring rapids of the Rio’s Pacuare, Revenatzon and Naranjo for wild ride. But if surfing is your thing, then head on down to the fantastic beaches that Costa Rica has on offer. Visit the Salsa Brava, Ollie’s Point, Witches Rock, Pavones or Playa Hermosa in Puntarenas for some of the most superb surf breaks in the world.
    To explore some of Costa Rica’s most gorgeous sceneries underwater, dive along the coast off Bahia Drake or Drake Bay or visit the lovely Isla del Ca• o, home to some of the most fabulous underwater and marine life in the country. Along the Guanacaste Coast of the Nicoya Peninsula excellent snorkeling opportunities can be found at Playas del Coco, Playa Ocotal and Playa Hermosa. And if all this is not enough, try rappeling down some of Costa Rica’s beautiful waterfalls around the areas of Puerto Jimenez and Cabo Matapalo.

    As you can see Costa Rica’s versatility not only extends to its landscape, but its fantastic adventure opportunities as well. So come on down to this gorgeous tropical country to experience Pura Vida or the ‘Pure Life’ and have the adventure of a lifetime!

    About the Author

    Stefano Di Gioacchino is a writer and colaborator for Costa Rica Real Estate, Consultores ambientales Costa Rica, Panama Real Estate and Constructora en Costa Rica


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    Hummingbirds of Peru

    Article by Laurel

    Who has not been enchanted by photos or sightings of these iridescent mini-rockets of energy known as hummingbirds? They were described by the Aztec as tiny suns, and have been accorded their place in legend, story and song throughout the centuries. People have called them flying jewels; most male hummingbirds possess iridescent gorgets, or throat feathers, whose colors shift depending on the sunlight shining on them. Additionally, many species also have exotic crowns, distinctive tails, and sparkling iridescent wings.

    Hummingbirds are the smallest birds in the world, ranging in size from the Bee Hummingbird, at 5.7 cm, to the Giant Hummingbird, at 21.6 cm. Hummingbirds are among the most skilled fliers of all avian species. They can fly backward, hover, fly straight up, and quickly change direction.

    Hummingbirds are pollinators. They drink nectar from flowers with their long tongues, and some catch insects as well, snatching them midair as they fly. Many have bills that are perfectly adapted to particular species of flowers, so that the plant and the hummingbird have an interdependent relationship that is mutually beneficial to both species.

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    There are over 300 species of hummingbirds in the world. They are native to the Americas, with most species found in South America. Peru has over 118 species of hummingbirds, or colibris, which translates as “Birds of the Sun God.” In Quechua they are known as Q’inti (pronounced Keen-tee). According to one Quechua legend, when all the Earth was suffering from lack of water, and the People, animals and plants were all dying, a tiny hummingbird arose from the last flor de Cantu, and implored the God Waitapallana to save the land and its creatures. Even though he died in the process, the hummingbird accomplished his mission, as two great crystal teardrops fell from Waitapallana’s eyes when he saw the devastation on Earth. These tears awoke the serpent, Amaru, who was dreaming at the bottom of a lake, and who, upon shaking his great wings, brought rain back to the Earth.

    Some hummingbird species found in Peru are: the Sparkling Violet Ear, Giant Hummingbird, Green-tailed trainbearer, Booted Racket-tail, Long-tailed Sylph and White-bellied Woodstar.

    In addition to being a haven for hummingbirds, Peru is the second most diverse country on Earth for bird species in general, with 1,710 species at last count, and more continuing to be discovered.

    Kuoda Tours brings birding enthusiasts to habitats in the jungle, forests and mountains, where they can enjoy the incredible diversity of bird life in Peru.

    About the Author

    Please visit http://www.inturkuoda.com

    Born in the US, Laurel has lived in Peru for three years. She is a bilingual travel design specialist and has traveled throughout much of South America. She has a strong interest in eco-tourism and voluntourism and loves nature, traveling and writing.

      The Historical Highlights of Peru


      Often the starting point for South America tours because of its proximity to Machu Picchu, the city of Cuzco consists of Inca roots combined with colonial Spanish influences. Before the Spanish arrived, this city was the capital of the Inca Empire for over three hundred years, and has now been named this the Historical Capital of Peru. What this means for tourists is a flood of culture to absorb from the two complementary architectural styles: cathedrals, temples museums, markets, and the nearby ruins of the Sacsayhuamán fortress, are all worth investigating.

      Machu Picchu

      Not far from Cuzco is the essential destination for all South America holidays. The ruined city of Machu Picchu was recently voted one of the new wonders of the world and one of the most visited tourist sights in South America. Tourshere will lead you up carved steps and terraced hillside to a once secret city cradled in the Machu Picchu Mountain. Here, you can look down on the valley 2350 meters below and imagine the isolation of the people who lived here before its discovery. There’s the option to make a day trip here by train, or even by helicopter, whereas the more energetic tourists might choose to walk the Inca trail for a few days through the Andes and arrive at the Lost City under their own power.


      Some say this is the prettiest city in Peru. Arequipa is home to many temples, elegant houses and palaces, which earn it the name “Ciudad Blanca” meaning “White City“. The architecture in its historic centre integrates European and native characteristics, and has been designated as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. Coming here as part of your South America Holidays will mean a tour of Santa Catalina, a convent that was closed to the world for 400 years. It was built in 1579 and was once a place of quiet seclusion and prayer; now the convent serves as an art gallery, with only about twenty nuns remaining on the complex. A tour of the galleries and refurbished buildings is like a step back in time, and takes only a little more than an hour.


      In the Nazca desert, towards the south of Peru, are a series of astonishing engravings in the desert floor. These engravings (known as ‘geoglyphs’) take the form of geometric patterns and animals, some up to two hundred metres across. They were constructed by an ancient culture that exposed the pale bedrock of the desert by carefully moving and removing stones. Many good South America Holidayswill have the option of taking a flight over these patterns, enabling passengers to get a sense of the scale and artistry of these signals to the sky.

      Louise Mumford is a holiday specialist at South American Experience, a company that specializes in tailor-made arrangements for South America Holidays. Our dedicated team has two decades of first-hand experience in the Latin America region.

      Things to Do in Trujillo Peru

      There are a variety of things to do in Trujillo Peru. Known as the “City of Eternal Spring,” Trujillo is Peru’s third largest city. The area was a significant settling ground for ancient cultures and was one of the first cities that the Spanish conquerers established in the Americas. Trujillo is the capital of the Marinera dance and Peruvian El Paso horse breeding, and was the center of the ancient Chimú culture.

      The Top 5 Things to Do In Trujillo Peru Are:

      1) Chan Chan

      The ancient capital of the Chimú Kingdom, Chan Chan is the largest adobe city in the world. The Incas conquered the Chimús in 1470 AD, and Chan Chan is now a UNESCO World Heritage site. Its huge walls divide the city into several palaces.

      2) The Witch’s Complex (El Complejo del Brujo)

      El Brujo is the name of a Moche culture complex, and was a major religious center between the first and seventh centuries AD. The three main temples are the Huaca Prieta, Huaco Cao Viejo and Huaca El Brujo. The ceremonial temple shows evidence of human sacrifice and a 1,500 year-old tattooed mummy of a young woman was recently discovered.

      3) City Tour

      The city tour in Trujillo’s historical district includes visits to old colonial mansions, the Spanish Cathedral with its collection of paintings from the Quito School, the Monastery of El Carmen and the Art Museum. Some city tours offer an extension to visit Huanchaco Beach, which hosts surfing championships every March.

      4) Temple of the Sun and Temple of the Moon

      Belonging to the Moche Culture (100-800 AD), these were ceremonial centers in which people offered sacrifices to their god. The Temple of the Sun has 6 levels. It is considered to be the longest pyramid in Peru. The Temple of the Moon has 9 levels. It is a monument comprised of overlapping temples built during different periods.

      5) A Paso Farm

      Trujillo and Ica are disputed to be the best worldwide breeders on the world-famous Step Horses (Caballos de Paso). The Spanish horse was crossed with the Arab horse and raised in Peru’s desert for 300 years. Now the Peruvian Caballo de Paso is the most beautiful of its kind.

      Trujillo tourism is not limited to just archaeological sites and Spanish colonial treasures. Although it is a major commercial city, Trujillo maintains an excellent charm and elegance.

      Thomas Carroll was born in California and has been living in Peru for 10 years. If you would like more information about Things to Do In Trujillo Peru and Peru Vacation Packages then be sure to visit his blog.

      The Way To Cruise Your Way To Machu Picchu

      Apparently, we love our cruises! With an earth that is made up of roughly 80% water, we can access any continent on the planet in the comfort of our floating bedroom.

      People who cruise to South America often want to see some of the big sights and Machu Picchu is one of the most popular. Built by the ancient Incans, Machu Picchu is a world heritage site and important historical destination. But honestly, even if you know nothing about it, it will blow your mind. High in the Andes Mountains, just getting there is like no other destination on the planet. To see the Roman Coliseum, Stonehenge or the Great Wall, you only need to arrange a single mode of transportation and you are there.

      Travelers can book their own one way flights between the US & Lima, Peru and then between Lima & Cusco, depending on the destination and ports your cruise is visiting.

      There are 3 gateway cities to get to Machu Picchu. Lima, Peru is the first stage, where you start with a short 1 hour flight to the next stage, Cusco, Peru. This is the place to access ground transportation to Aguas Calientes, where you take the final leg of the journey by bus, or even foot, for those who can.

      You can schedule the excursion to Machu Picchu before or after your cruise. The tour operator will take care of the rest. We will meet you at the airport or the port docks, arrange all your hotels, land transportation, entry tickets, train tickets and stops at other sights along the way. You will be escorted by a knowledgeable, English-speaking, local guide. The possibilities are endless. How about a picnic? Or a stop at the indigenous market in Pisac?

      This is the perfect vacation for wedding parties, honeymooners, photography clubs and educational tours.

      The next time youre dreaming about your cruise, dont be surprised if visions of Machu Picchu pop in to your head.

      Vacations could be a thrilling time Cruise Travel packages. Vacations offer time for you to move away from the typical hustle bustle of everyday routine.

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      Things to Do in Cajamarca Peru

      There are many unique things to do in Cajamarca Peru. In ancient times Cajamarca was conquered by the Incas. Then in 1532 Francisco Pizarro ambushed the Inca king Atahualpa. Atahualpa’s execution marked the end of the Inca Empire.

      Cajamarca is renowned for its excellent cheeses and other dairy products. Its people are very passionate about their carnivals, hosting some of the best in Peru. Cajamarca is considered to be the Historical and Cultural Heritage of the Americas.

      The Top 5 Things to Do In Cajamarca Peru Are:

      1) Cumbe Mayo

      Cumbe Mayo is an area composed of large rock walls and caves, at an elevation of about 11,000 feet. It has Pre-Incan aqueducts that were probably constructed in 1500 BC, and several petroglyphs in the surrounding caverns.

      2) Los Baños del Inca

      A favorite of Atahualpa, the Inca Baths are thermal hot springs ranging in temperatures from 67° -76° C. The baths contain a variety of minerals that are believed to have medicinal properties. There are pools and bungalows available for groups and individuals.

      3) City Tour

      This includes visits to the Monumental Complex of Belen, the Colonial Hospital and the Santa Apolonia Hill overlooking Cajamarca. The Cuarto del Rescate (Ransom Room) is where Atahualpa was held. He offered a large amount of gold and silver in exchange for his freedom, but was executed at the Plaza de Armas after some of the treasure was received.

      4) Ventanillas de Otuzco

      The site is a pre-Inca cemetery which pre-dates the Cajamarca culture (up to 1450 AD). Hundreds of galleries resembling windows were carved into the volcanic stone and were used as tombs. It is said that the Incas later cleared out the niches and used them as grain storerooms.

      5) Granja Porcon and La Collpa

      La Collpa is a dairy farm where, at feeding time, cows are called by name and they respond accordingly. Nearby is the Granja Porcon which has the largest forest park of pine trees in Peru, and a charming mini zoo in a highly religious tiny town.

      Cajamarca has made its mark in history, as it is here where the Inca Empire began to fall. There are stories that an Inca treasure still lies hidden in subterranean tunnels, running from Cuzco to Cajamarca, as it never reached Inca Atahualpa.

      Thomas Carroll was born in California and has been living in Peru for 10 years. If you would like more information about Things to Do In Cajamarca Peru and Peru Vacation Packages then be sure to visit his blog.

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      Machu Picchu – A Special Getaway

      Hiram Bingham, a Yale archeologist, rediscovered Machu Picchu in 1911, opening up a world of wonders. “Machu Picchu” means old peak or mountain in Quechua language. The center is located on the ridge of the Andean mountains in Peru. Many archeologists believe that it was originally meant as an estate for Pachacuti, an Inca emperor. It is thought that the Inca community began the erection of the estate at the start of the 1400s. However, some legends state that the place already had sacred significance long before this.

      Whatever its origins, it is a unique city. The city was surrounded by agricultural terraces that provided enough food to sustain its population, making it completely self sufficient.

      The city is composed of about 150 houses, storage rooms, temples, palaces and baths, all of which have been preserved remarkably well. The way the buildings were constructed is a great mark of architectural feat, as they were carved out of the gray granite covering the mountain top. It is difficult to imagine how the builders accomplished the work. Some of the blocks used weigh more than 50 tons but they have been carved and fitted together with great precision, even though no mortar was used; you cannot even insert a knife between the the joints!

      It seems that the Machu Picchu was used as an important astronomical observatory. The Intihuatana stone seems to give accurate indications of the dates of various important celestial periods, including the two equinoxes. The name of the stone means “Hitching Post of the Sun”. The sun stands directly above the pillar on both March 21st and September 21st at midday. During these times, the pillar leaves almost no shadow. The Incas conducted special ceremonies during these times.

      One of the things that make the city special is the absence of accurate history. As you look at the great works of architecture, you can let your imagination run wild. You cannot help but feel a great sense of awe when you visit Machu Picchu.

      When you want to travel to Machu Picchu, there are different methods you can use. One of the most memorable ways is to trek along the Inca trail, which joins this city and Cusco. The Inca trail is about 40 kilometers long. There are different points from where you can begin your journey. During the pre-Hispanic era, the trail started from Llaqtapata. You will find ancient terraces here. You will start your trek just by the river and slowly work your way along Cusichaca valley.

      It will take three days to reach Machu Picchu. During the time, you will have the chance to see Inca architecture and great natural scenes.

      Otherwise, you can use such methods as train or helicopter. Whichever method you use to travel, you are sure to get an experience that you will never forget.

      Machu Picchu – A Special Getaway is a travel guide from Tripopedia, a travel encyclopedia. Learn about things to do in Machu Picchu, places to see and places to eat.

      Things to Do in Chiclayo Peru

      There are a variety of things to do in Chiclayo Peru. Chiclayo, also known as “The City of Friendship,” was founded in the 1560s by Spanish priests. Chiclayo was inhabited by a largely indigenous population rather than Spanish colonizers. It is a center for witchcraft, has some of the best cuisine in Peru, and is well known for its archaeological sites.

      The Top 5 Things to Do In Chiclayo Peru Are:

      1) The Lord of Sipan (El Señor de Sipan) – La Huaca Rajada

      The Lord of Sipan is a mummy found in the Huaca Rajada tomb. Built by the Moche culture around 1 AD to 700 AD, the Huaca Rajada is considered by some to be the most important archaeological discovery in the region in the last 30 years; because the tomb of Sipan was untouched by thieves. A total of four tombs have been found in the Huaca Rajada.

      2) The Royal Tombs of Sipan Museum (Museo de las Tumbas Reales de Sipan)

      This museum is built in the pyramidal form of ancient Moche tombs and displays the most important findings of the Huaca Rajada. On display are tiny gold figurines, gold and turquoise jewelry, pottery, ornaments and much more. It is one of the most impressive museums anywhere.

      3) Batan Grande – Señor de Sican (Lord of Sican)

      Batan Grande is an important archaeological location of the Sican, Moche and Chimu cultures. In the Huaca El Loro the tomb of the Señor de Sican was discovered. There are 30 monumental adobe platforms in the area and huge amounts of valuable jewelry and gold, much like the Sipan area, have been extracted.

      4) Tucume

      Tucume encompasses 26 major adobe pyramids and mounds that were developed by the Lambayeque people in AD 1000 and 1375. It was a major regional center, and the Huaca Larga is the longest adobe structure in the world. There is also an onsite museum.

      5) Pimentel

      This is a unique beach resort popular with surfers. Sea-going reed boats, known as the Caballitos de Totora, have been used since ancient times and locals use them to go fishing. There are several seafood restaurants in the area.

      Chiclayo Peru is an interesting city. Its plethora of intriguing ruins, scenic countryside and vibrant culture, makes traveling in the area a rich and exciting experience.

      Thomas Carroll was born in California and has been living in Peru for 10 years. If you would like more information about Things to Do In Chiclayo Peru and Peru Vacation Packages then be sure to visit his blog.

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      What to See and Do in Peru

      The Life List.  Everyone has made a list of some sort or other in their lives.  It is a list of goals and dreams that most of the time is put away in a drawer and forgotten about.  But don’t wait too long like Morgan Freeman and Jack Nicholson did in the movie The Bucket List. You might not be as lucky to find a millionaire to whisk you around the world checking off your wish list in a few short months before you kick the bucket.  It is time to start fulfilling your dreams and one of the best places to start is in the country of Peru.

      Filled with incredible scenery, famous sights and offering several adrenaline filled activities Peru is the perfect choice to start checking off the things that you have always wanted to see and do but were too afraid to try. It doesn’t take long before you have actually made it through a large chunk of your list during your stay.

      Machu Picchu is at the top of most peoples list. If there is one thing that you must see in your life is one of the greatest ruins on the planet and this one is as good as it gets. Located in the Andes Mountains it is a mesmerizing Inca Ruin top a 2500 meter mountain. Take in the sight as you sit on another peak overlooking Machu Picchu and try to imagine how it was built over  600 years ago with no technology.  Make sure to arrive early to beat the crowds and feel the magic as the cloud and mist burns off.  Machu Picchu consists of 200 buildings that terrace down the side of a steep mountain leading in to the deep valley below. Whether you hike the Inca Trail visit Macchu Picchu, or take the train on a breathtaking journey through the Andes, you will not be disappointed.

      Many people are looking for a thrill when they make their life list.  Jumping out of an airplane seems to be atop many lists.  If you happen to visit Lima, you can take that goal and give it a twist to try paragliding.  Walk down to the waterfront of Mira Flores and you will soon find a place where people sign up to jump off of a high cliff over the Pacific Ocean. The fun doesn’t stop there however, once your parachute catches the air, you and your instructor will be able to ride the airwaves high above the city as he steers you through sky scapers and over the ocean.  It is one of the most unique experiences you will have in your life and you will have the same thrill and excitement as skydiving, but in a more exotic location than your local airstrip.

      Many people want to see one of the great deserts of the world. The Sahara or Kalahari are a couple of famous ones, but did you know that Peru has some of the largest sand dunes on the planet?  Located in the region of Ica, you can go on a tour deep into the desert by dune buggy. This isn’t your every day relaxing buggy ride however, you will be plunging down near vertical cliffs only to spin out at the bottom and take off again at top speed over the desert dunes.  Not only that, you will be treated to an introduction to sand boarding.  Feel the freedom as you surf in the sand or hop on your board like a sled and whiz down the hill into the valley below. It will make you feel like a kid again.

      We all know about Oasis from movies and television, but how many people have actually seen one and stayed on its shores overnight. Huacachina is a village built around a natural lake in the middle of the desert called the Oasis of America.  It is an incredibly beautiful location.  There are only about 10 hotels most with swimming pools and the giant dunes right in your backyard. You can rent pedal boats to float around the small Oasis and spend the day relaxing by the waters edge taking in the incredible once in a lifetime opportunity.

      If wild life is on your list, you will be in for a real treat when you visit Isla Ballestas.  Located near Pisco, you can catch a tour boat to take you out to sea to view sea lions, penguins, Peruvian boobies and condors as well as millions of birds in this nature reserve.  Your boat will take you out to beautiful rock formations located off shore where wildlife is free to live and play in a protected area.  Take the once in a lifetime opportunity to see actual penguins play in their natural setting and watch the hundreds of sea lions bask in the sun on the beach or on the rocks. You will not be disappointed, although make sure to ask your operator if they are sensitive to the animal and do not take their boats too close to shore disrupting the wildlife with exhaust pollution and the loud engines of the boats.  Responsible tourism is a must.

      These are just a few of the things that you can do in Peru to kick start your “Bucket List”. There are so many other things to see and do like visit Lake Titicaca, the highest lake in the world, see real life catacombs in Lima or take a flight over the Nazca Lines. These lines are a mystery of the world etched in the sand over 2000 years ago. Shaped in the forms of spiders, monkeys, sharks and lizards, nobody really know what their purpose is or how they were made. Want to visit the jungle? A good portion of Peru is located in the Amazon basin where you can explore one of the most fabled and vast rainforests on the planet.  

      So go to Peru soon and start living that life list rather than just dreaming about it. What are you waiting for? Go out there and start your life list. Life is short so you better get going and visiting Peru is a quick and easy way to check off a lot of dreams and wishes in a short amount of time.

      Dave and Deb are Canada’s Adventure Couple. They have traveled to over 35 countries where they have taken on extreme adventures from Cycling from Cairo, Egypt to Cape Town, South Africa and Climbing Mount Kilimanjaro. Every new adventure takes them to remote corners of the world where they paddle, hike, scuba dive and trek their way around the globe. http://www.theplanetd.com

      Peru Vacations – Crossing the Ecuador-Peru Border

      Crossing the border from Ecuador into Peru is not the most pleasant of experiences. There were plenty of words of wisdom concerning how to, where to, how not to and where not to cross the border into Peru, from Ecuador. We crossed by taking the bus from Loja to Piura. The journey was no different than any other we had taken, but for some reason it seemed longer, hotter and more uncomfortable than any we had been on so far.

      The bus was particularly knackered, the brakes emitting a horrible burning smell every time we went down a hill and there was a disconcerting knocking noise when we went over about 35mph. The noise was so bad, even the driver got out to investigate where it was coming from. Apparently one of the wheels looked a bit loose, but the driver didn’t seem overly concerned.

      The touts who got on the bus were even more annoying than usual. At one point there were 21 vendors on the bus, a bit of an overkill, but hilarious to watch all the same. We could have easily eaten a four-course meal if we had bought something from everyone.

      The bus stops regularly at military checkpoints, where the bus stops around until either our, or the bus drivers, documentation were verified. It didn’t quite make sense that the military were mostly interested in European and American documentation, rather than the Peruvian, as it is the Peruvians who are their main threat. In the past Ecuador has lost quite a bit of its territory to Peru and they were at war together as recently as 1999. Tensions are still fairly high, and the army actively protects its borders, especially as there are oil and gas fields along the boundary.

      Perhaps it was our nervous expectation of what Peru had in store for us that made the journey drag on. Whatever it was it didn’t make the bus go any faster and it took us over five hours to reach the border town of Macara.

      There were a couple of other tourists on the bus, and this was also their first border crossing in South America. No one really knew what to expect, but it wasn’t very difficult to work out. The Macara – La Tina border crossing consisted of a few buildings, which house the Ecuadorian and Peruvian immigration and customs officials. A wide river separates the two countries and the bus driver dumped us at the end of the bridge, promising he would wait for us at the other side.

      The last problem we had with the crossing was the mosquitoes. Dusk was not the best time of day to be standing next to a river, filling in immigration forms, when all our insect repellent and long sleeved tops were on a bus parked up the road. The mosquitoes were particularly enjoying the fresh blood, and we were slowly being eaten to bits. Luckily the formalities were quite straightforward, taking no more than ten minutes to cross over the bridge. Desperate to get back to the safety of the bus, we almost forgot to remember the fact that we had just left Ecuador and arrived in a new country, Peru.

      Coming Soon: Peru Vacations: Piura.
      Caius Simmons
      peru travel deals & vacations

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      Details On Peru

      Peru is a country inside South America. The nation shares border around the Pacific sea with Brazil, Ecuador, Chile and Bolivia. The nation is among the main traveler vacation spot countries in South America and you may get affordable prices guided tours in Peru from an area or on-line journey representatives. The beneath common details will provide you with an understanding of the nation before having the Peru tours.

      The History

      The idea about Peru is often that it connects with the oldest civilizations of this globe. Actually, the primary points of interest for Peru tours are really the archaeological spots of pre-Colombian civilizations. Guided tours in Peru will most of the time embrace a call to the hub of the traditional Inca’s Empire spot that give proof to a few of the most senior cultures of human.

      The Local climate

      There exist three climatic setting in Peru. The coastline in Peru is dry and cool due to the freezing currents of the Southern Pacific sea on the borders of the state. The region has lower than 50mm of rainfall all through the yr, making it a dry area having modest vegetation. The shoreline has cliffs and it is stony, possibly not that beneficial for seashore Peru tours. Peru some other climatic area is the Andes mountain district. The mountains increase to above 6,700 m above ocean level making the area among the uppermost in the earth. On the mountains, rain is constant and their climate is sweet for agricultural and stock raring. The 3rd climatic area in Peru will be the Amazon river jungle. The area comes only after the hilly region and it features a dense jungle of hot rain forests. There exist little human civilization alongside the river basin. The general climate of Peru is warm falling near the equator. Nevertheless, when you take guided tours in Peru, you’ll be instructed of the particular climate to anticipate at particular areas and at particular occasions of the yr.

      The Parts

      There’re many regions one could explore when taking guided tours in Peru. The nation occupies 1,285,216 sq. km and carries a population of 29.5 citizens. Main cities inside the nation embrace the capital, Lima, which is as well the most important metropolis alongside the Pacific shoreline. Many other cities embrace Cusco, Huaraz, Iquitos, Pisco plus Puno.


      Although the country is so wealthy in natural resources however her main revenue comes from guided tours. Almost 36% of its inhabitants lives below the poverty line. The nation is also recognized for the huge disparity between the deprived and the wealthy and 12.6% of the inhabitants is claimed to be extraordinarily disfavored with a really small proportion of wealthy Hispanic elite managing a lot of the riches and resources. When you plan on taking Peru tours for trip, you’ll need to stick to varied journey ideas related to touring to developing countries. This consists of caution when reserving a lodge, taking meals from eating places, consuming tap water plus caution when touring through various districts.


      There’re multiple websites for Peru tours. These embrace Machu Picchu, an archaeological place, the Colca Canyo, which certainly is an attractive panorama surroundings with nature and wonderful plant life. You may also have a walk or hike on these places through guided tours of Peru. Some other Peru tours points of interest embrace the Manu nationwide park, the Nazca line, Cuzo the sacred valley, Lake Titicaca and as well Amazon river.

      Adventure Bound is a leading online travel agent that offers some of the best deals for guided Tours In Peru. You can find out more about these Peru Tours by following the links to our website.

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      Rise and Fall of Machu Picchu

      Machu Picchu is 130 kilometers from the northwest of Cuzco in Peru. Anniversaries Gift Ideas for Ladies Now Here is the Chance!! Coolest screen cleaning cloth Are Released 5 Fabulous Trend Bible for microfiber lens cloth The entire web page towers on a mountain ridge that is 2,350 meters high above sea level. As one particular on the seven new wonders from the planet, it overlooks Urubamba Valley and surrounded from the tropical rainforest. It can be stationed at East Longitude 13.9’23’and South Latitude 72.32’34’.

      Machu Picchu signifies “the Old Mountain” in Quechua. Also known as the Lost India City, it’s a well-preserved Pre-Columbian Indian internet site. It can be the most significant archaeological evacuating center inside South America and the most famous tourism spot.

      Machu Picchu has turn out to be a renowned image of the India Empire for its particular location, geographical features and later discovering time (in 1911). In 1983, as 1 in the rare dual heritages from the culture and nature, it has been inscribed on the list of Globe Heritage by United Nations Education, Scientific and Cultural Organization. Meanwhile, Machu Picchu is encountering the difficulty of being ruined and worried by the tourism.

      In 1913, American National Geographic once has covered Machu Picchu in its April journal, which created it extensively worried by all.

      In 1981, the land about 32,592 hectares around Machu Picchu has been outlined as the Historical Zone of Peru. The Zone includes not only the web site itself, however also the topographic feature plus the animal plus the plant groups near it, peculiarly the local orchid.

      The complete web page includes 140 buildings, such as the temple, the sanctuary, the park as well as the residential zone. Right here it is possible to uncover the steps in over 100 locations. Every was built by chiseling on a piece of massive granite. And you are able to find several pools right here, too. They are linked to every other from the ditches and gully drains produced on the chiseling granite and flows to the previous irrigation system.

      Categorized with the archaeologist, Machu Picchu is composed by three parts, namely, the sacred zone, the secular zone in the south, the flamen zone along with the residential zone.

      Today, all the visitors come to Machu Picchu for one-day trip by taking the train from Cusco. During the midday, it truly is noisy and bustling right here. Nevertheless after all the visitors went away, it really is peaceful and tranquil. After that you should have a hollow feeling in memory the ancient times.

      A country rises and falls and an empire waxes and wanes, which often are all a essential route of history.

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      Which Train To Machu Picchu

      Travelers heading from Cusco to enjoy a Machu Picchu tour have one of two options. You can either arrive at the mountain-top citadel by foot or by train.


      The vast majority of travelers choose to take the train, and understandably so: this is one of the most impressive railway journeys in the world, passing the gloriously beautiful scenery of the Sacred Valley, the ancient town of Ollantaytambo and following the gushing Urubamba River as it snakes down from Cusco and towards the rainforest.


      There are several services to choose between, depending on your budget and travel preferences. But with such a range of options, the question is which train should you catch to Machu Picchu?


      The Hiram Bingham


      By far the most lavish option is to catch the daily Hiram Bingham service from Cusco. This train is a 5-star hotel on wheels. The train is decorated with an opulent, 20s-era interior, has two dining carriages with full silver-service restaurant and bar, an onboard kitchen where expert Chefs prepare excellent meals, and an observation carriage from where travelers can admire the stunning scenery that they are traveling through.


      The Vistadome


      For travelers who appreciate comfort but are looking for a more economical ride, the Vistadome is an ideal option. This train has been especially designed to give the best view of the dramatic landscapes outsides. The large windows and glazed ceiling panels offer panoramic scenes in all directions, making for an exciting and visually stimulating journey through the Sacred Valley.


      The Backpacker


      Finally, budget travelers tend to prefer the Backpacker train. While still offering a high standard of quality and service, this train is the best rail option for shoestring travelers.


      Unlike the Hiram Bingham and the Vistadome, the Backpacker service only departs from Ollantaytambo station – making it a popular choice for people who want to stay overnight in the Sacred Valley and arrive as early as possible at Machu Picchu.


      Visiting the site this way can help travelers avoid an unnecessary night in Aguas Calientes, although for travelers who want to enter Machu Picchu at sunrise, a night in Aguas is required.

      This guide to catching the train to Machu Picchu was written by a Peru travel expert at Peru For Less, specialists in excellent value customized Peru vacation packages.

      Machu Picchu Travel

      Machu Picchu travel trips are an adventure of a lifetime! This high elevation climb is easier if you have the right gear. Before you set off to Peru, you’ll need to gather many essential items.Your hiking shoes should be broken in and waterproof. Carrying a small foot care kit and your favorite snacks will make your hiking experience more pleasant. Hiking pants that “zip off” into shorts or cropped pants are handy.Well, some of you need tour operators, some of you do not. If you are planning to visit Machu Picchu, stay in Aguas Calientes ( I wrote down about Aguas Calientes in detail below) one or two nights, you do not need a tour operators. But if you are planning to hike Inca trail, then you need a tour operator. As per new law, only licensed tour operators can operate in Inca trail. There is exception for those who want to go independently, but they have to carry their own equipment, luggage, food and tents, so it is not practical to go to hike Inca trail without tour operators.

      It was confirmed as a The Country’s Historical Attraction in the early part of the 20th Century and garnered a distinction as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Since the Machu Picchu was not plundered and destroyed by the colonizing Spaniards, its structure remained intact and became an important cultural location and is measured as a consecrated location based on the Incan’s religion. Machu Picchu was acknowledged as a part of the New Seven Wonders of the World throughout a telephone and online polls accomplished by the New7Wonders foundation.Machu Picchu is divided in two areas: the agricultural area which includes large Inca terraces, and the urban area which is the place where the Incas lived and organized their religious and civil activities. The latter has indeed two sectors: Hanan, “High Sector”, inhabited by the Inca and his descendants and Urin, “Low Sector”, destined to the rest of the population.

      The train then descends into the Sacred Valley and the foothills of the Andes, along the Urubamba River, passing through a beautiful landscape packed with typical Andean crops and grasslands, herds of llamas, and colourful villages. Many old Inca buildings and archaeological sites can be seen along the journey, in particular the magnificent Wiay Wayna ruins and Q’ente (hummingbird in Quechua), amidst a lush vegetation where a nearby waterfall attracts oversize hummingbirds and colourful flowers blossom all the time.Although the ancient Incans left behind no writing to tell us about this “wonder of the world,” modern archeologists have solved many of its riddles by examining clues left in the stone and earth. We now know that Machu Picchu was a royal estate constructed around 1460, when the Incan Empire was at its height.

      Touring the ruins can be done in about a day, although some visitors opt to stay longer to absorb the surroundings and to further explore the area. Area tour guides will be glad to lead you through the ruins and explain what is known about the mysterious ruins. In Machu Picchu, you’re not too far from basic needs either.

      Read about travel ideas and also read about niagara falls hotels and san diego hotels

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      Machu Picchu

      Machu Picchu is considered as one of the greatest unsolved mysteries of South American civilization with the ancient Inca city which is situated between the crest of two mountains along the Peruvian Andes at more than 2,400 meters above sea level. Remaining of an ancient culture consisting of alcoves, terraces, plazas, and temples makes this ancient city the premiere archaeological site of South America. When you come to there, a city  like a dream makes you suprise. Because  the inhabitants of the place and the priests and Inca royalty made the existence of the city possible in the 1400s.


      Machu Picchu was said to be a citadel whose impregnable position is made possible by the steep canyon walls that lies beyond the edge of the city. The only access to the city is by way of narrow ridges that have to pass over the mountains before getting into the ancient site. Another access point is by way of bridges made from felled logs. The logs cross a narrow chasm and could be withdrawn anytime if security of the citadel warrants it.


      While the normal tourist route is just within the confines of the city, it is possible to revisit these choke points in order to appreciate how invulnerable Machu Picchu was to the standards of warfare that existed then. Tourists who posses the requisite Type T personality can take a 20 minute long trail that is officially off-limits to most visitors. In fact a sign that says prohibido el paso marks the end of the normal tourist trail. Past this sign, the trail snakes all the way down and become insanely narrow. Midway along this trail, those who have made it this far will come across the narrow chasm that was once bridged by tree trunks and could be withdrawn anytime by the Inca guards who were assigned there.


      Like the ancient pyramids of Egypt, the stone blocks that are used to construct the buildings of Machu Picchu are surely to create statements of incredulity. The Inca at the 1400s did not possess iron tools although they had knowledge of making bronze implements. Large teams of laborers dragged these blocks from adjacent quarries. They used the ridges and ramps to position them on their present locations. Archaeological finds give us a clue on how the Inca must have reduced the rocks to manageable sizes. Quarrymen inserted bronze chisels into cracks and fissures that occur naturally in the stone. Heat was applied to the metal and this helped split the boulders into workable sizes. Each rock was painstakingly chosen so that when these are finally put in place, the gap between rocks is so narrow that even a razor blade wouldn’t fit between them.


      The location of Machu Picchu gives us hints into its creation. The mountains where the ancient city is located were considered sacred by the Inca. The position of the sun during equinox could be estimated using the natural landmarks present in the vicinity. At the center of the city is a pyramidal mount called the Intihuatna and on top of it stands an obelisk. Inca priest believed that the sun has to be lassoed and hitched to the obelisk after each winter solstice so that it wouldn’t continue on its present course and leave the city in darkness. Intihuatna in the dialect of the Inca means “hitching post of the sun”. The sun is sacred to the Inca and is one of their deities. The view east and west of the city presents a vista that gives Inca priests wide opportunities to observe the sun.


      There are so many things to do in Alicante, many fantastic places to visit: museums, historical buildings, miles of beaches, nearby towns, night entertainment, etc. Not to mention the fantastic all year round weather.

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